Female Reproduction

In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)

In Vitro Fertilisation or “IVF” is used to treat fertility problems. It involves collecting mature eggs from the ovaries, inseminating them with sperm in a laboratory and then transferring an embryo back into the uterus of a woman to hopefully produce a successful pregnancy.

The IVF Process

Ovulation Induction

Ovulation induction involves the use of medications to stimulate ovulation. The process usually takes approximately two weeks of treatment and involves daily injections of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). These are administered to encourage the maturation of follicles within the ovaries as well as the release of egg cells.

The process is monitored with ultrasound and blood tests to control the size and quantity of follicles. To assist with the final maturation of the egg and the loosening of the egg from the follicle wall, an injection of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) is administered.

Egg Collection

This takes place around 36 hours after hCG is injected and is performed by an IVF Specialist under light anaesthetic. A syringe is inserted into the follicles to collect the eggs yielding approximately 5-10 eggs, although this can vary.

Insemination / Fertilisation

Good quality, motile sperm are selected to inseminate the egg using either standard IVF or ICSI. The inseminated egg is then placed in an incubator for 12-24 hours and monitored for signs of fertilisation

Embryo Culture

Embryos are allowed to develop for 5 – 6 days (the extended blastocyst stage) to increase their chance of implantation.

Embryo Transfer

The best quality embryo is transferred into the uterus. This is done using a transfer catheter (a thin, long plastic tube), which is inserted through the cervix into the uterus. The procedure is simple, much like a pap smear, and does not require an anaesthetic. Once the procedure is complete, other good quality embryos can be frozen for use in later cycles of IVF.

Embryo Transfer Diagram

Pregnancy Test

A blood test is performed approximately 11 days after embryo transfer has occurred, to determine whether you are pregnant.

IVF Treatment Overview

Our commitment to you is the provision of affordable quality IVF services. We will bulk bill services wherever possible. That said there are some things that simply cannot be bulk billed so we have also tried to give you an idea of any costs you will have to pay.

Each couple’s situation may be different and treatment will need to be tailored to each couple. You will have ample opportunity to discuss any queries or concerns you may have with our IVF team before commencing treatment.

Our IVF Treatment Process