Intracytoplasmic Injection (ICSI) can be used to overcome a number of male fertility problems, such as a low sperm count or where sperm are unable to penetrate the egg due to poor motility or morphology. As the name suggests, the sperm is injected directly into the cytoplasm of the mature egg to achieve fertilisation. ICSI is an extra bulk billed service available within the course of your IVF treatment if traditional IVF insemination methods are unlikely to work.